The historical period

Between the end of the ‘300 and the early’ 400, in many Italian municipalities the passage between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance takes place

One of the most luminous period in the history of Perugia, long thousands of years, is the time between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, when the image of a new society is known all over Europe as a model of an orderly social development, economic fervor and extraordinary cultural and artistic impetus.The year 2016 is the VI centenary of the beginning of Braccio Fortebracci da Montone Lordship over the city of Perugia, and the re-enactment will be centred right on the historic figure of Braccio, extraordinary and complex protagonist of the city history in a transitional moment full of deep changes between the XIV and the XV Centuries.

THE KEYS TO THE CITY

History reminds us that the keys and the govern of the city were given into the hands of the captain after his winning the Battle of Sant’Egidio, fought on the 12th July 1416. With this battle the popular faction of the Raspanti had been definitely defeated and the party of the Beccherini, mainly consisting by nobles in great part exiled, re-entered the city under the good omen of a pacifier Braccio. The occurring in 2016 of the VI centenary of such event, added, when came the moment of defining which period, or which historical event to re-enact, a further motivation for the definition of the object of the manifestation; not only for the battle in itself, but because it conventionally constitutes a real cut-off date between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   circumstance that adds a farther motif for this choice. Following Braccio’s advent, the violent struggles among adverse factions, that had characterized for a long time the life of the “Libero Comune” (Free Council) were sedated and a Signoria (Lordship) started, which could render order to a city oppressed by debts, governed by insecurity and misrule, through moderate reforms, always respecting the ancient municipality statutes. Remembering that the “Invincible” has been the most famous captain and strategist of this times, Braccio was at the same time inspired by a political dream, that saw Perugia capital of a Regnum Italicum, of a totally Italian dominion, liberated by the army and the temporal power of Rome.

The administrative undertaking of Braccio, first and last Lord of the city will leave within the city walls and for the most part of its territory evident traces, such as the Palace between the Dome and the Bishopric, the consolidation of Piazza del Soprammuro, thanks to the Bridle that still today are named after him, and the drainage of the Trasimeno with works of hydraulics engineering still visible today.

THE LORDSHIP OF BRACCIO

A “signoria” (Lordship) de facto that of Braccio, than can be measured totally in its quality: in alternation the signs left by him come to the surface of the memory and of the cultural heritage of Perugia. Not to mention the popular consent that always surrounded him, thanks to his ability of dialoguing with people of all classes and of understanding and satisfying their needs.